Ancient China’s Obsession with World’s First War Crop

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Both plants are experiencing varying levels of liberalization and recognition at U.S. state and individual country ranges globally. It’s a confusing and exciting time in the history and evolution of the cannabis plant and one that will take time and effort to reach wide consumer and regulatory acceptance. But industrial hemp has far too much to offer and it will continue to reinstate itself as a viable and staple crop in North America.

Marijuana, also known as hashish or pot, has a long historical past of human use. The majority of ancient civilizations, however, didn’t grow the plant to get high as people usually do nowadays – they used it as herbal medicine. Remnants of cannabis have been found in historic Egypt and other sites.

Suprisingly, the boys answered that they could not take revenge on him because Liu Chi-nu was destined to become emperor of China. Liu berated the boys for their foolishness and they ran away, leaving behind the medicine. Some time later Liu himself was injured and he applied the crushed marijuana leaves to his wound.

Hemp is used to make a variety of commercial and industrial products, including rope, textiles, clothing, shoes, food, paper, bioplastics, insulation, and biofuel. The bast fibers can be used to make textiles that are 100% hemp, but they are commonly blended with different fibers, such as flax, cotton or silk, as well as virgin and recycled polyester, to make woven fabrics new products for apparel and furnishings. The inner two fibers of the plant are woodier and typically have industrial applications, similar to mulch, animal bedding, and litter. When oxidized (often erroneously referred to as “drying”), hemp oil from the seeds becomes solid and can be utilized within the manufacture of oil-based paints, in creams as a moisturizing agent, for cooking, and in plastics.

From 1937 until the late 1960s the United States Government recognized that industrial hemp and marijuana were two distinct varieties of hashish plant. After the “Control Substances Act” was passed, hemp was no longer acknowledged as being distinct from Marijuana. There are even carbon tests that suggest that the hemp plant dates back as far as 8000 B.C. In the 16th century, Henry VIII encouraged his farmers to plant crops extensively to provide materials for the British Naval Fleet. A steady supply of hemp was needed for the construction of battleships and components.

The Canadian government, following the American lead, prohibited production under the Opium and Narcotics Act on August 1, 1938. Hemp was probably the earliest plant cultivated for textile fiber. Archaeologists found a remnant of hemp cloth in historical Mesopotamia (currently Iran and Iraq) which dates again to 8,000 BC. Hemp is also believed to be the oldest example of human industry. In the Lu Shi, a Chinese work of the Sung dynasty (500 AD), we find reference to the Emperor Shen Nung (28th century BC) who taught his individuals to cultivate hemp for material.

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Hemp is presently being harvested in over 30 nations together with Canada, Japan and the European Union. It can also be legally recognized as a business crop by NAFTA and GATT. U.S. businesses and manufactures import over 1.9 million pounds of hemp fiber, 450,000 kilos of hemp seeds, and 331 pounds of hempseed oil per year. There is a budding movement for the full legalization of hemp in this nation.

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Around the same time, Disocorides wrote a pharmacopeia listing the medical benefits of hemp. These include assisting with ear pain, stomach-related issues, and burns. By 200 AD, Galen mentions again the ability of hemp to relieve ache, however notes that it can cause abdomen pain, headaches, and dehydration. Since ancient times, all parts of the hemp plant has been used for meals and historic health practices. Industrial hemp was also used to make clothes, paper, rope, paint, fuel and building supplies.

The 1930s coalesce, unsurprisingly, with the DuPont patenting their new “plastic fiber”. By the Nineteen Thirties, new machinery, which separated the fiber from the rest of the plant, was available and affordable. These innovations simplified the harvesting and manufacturing, making it more cost-effective. Manufacturers have been additionally interested in byproducts such as the seed oil for paint and lacquer, and hurds for paper.

The discovery that twisted strands of fiber had been much stronger than particular person strands was followed by developments in the arts of spinning and weaving fibers into fabric – improvements that ended man’s reliance on animal skins for clothing. Here, too, it was hemp fiber that the Chinese chose for his or her first homespun garments.

Because of its versatility for use in quite a lot of merchandise, today hemp is used in a number of shopper goods, including clothes, footwear, accessories, dog collars, and home wares. The word ma is often paired with the Chinese word for “big” or “great” to form the compound word dama or 大麻 (dàmá).

From Ancient Egypt to Ancient Greece, from Christianity to Islam, cannabis became venerated as a sacred drugs. Religious sects of the Gnostics and Sufis revered its ability to let them see beyond the veil, while warrior sects the Scythians and the Nihang used it in rituals of meditation. The plant has long been associated with philosophy, spirituality and mental well being. Some scholars even believe that the miracles of Jesus were due to his use of Cannabis Oil.

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He notes that this plant can also aid within the treatment of blood clots, tapeworms, and hair loss.The Romans had an extended history of hemp use. Circa 77 AD, Pliny the Elder noted how helpful bongs water pipes hemp was for the extraction of insects from ears and for ache relief. However, he made sure to note excessive use can negatively affect sexual performance.

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Known as The Father of Chinese Medicine, he’s said to have experimented on himself with natural substances, which he compiled in an encyclopedia known as the Compendium of Materia Medica or Pen Ts’ao. While it is likely that stories of Shennong are a conflation of various truths and myths, the Materia Medica is still regarded as the most complete and comprehensive book in the historical past of traditional Chinese medication. indica generally has poor fiber quality and female buds from this variety are primarily used for recreational and medicinal purposes. Oilseed and fiber sorts of Cannabis approved for industrial hemp production produce only minute amounts of this psychoactive drug, not enough for any physical or psychological effects. Typically, hemp contains below 0.3% THC, whereas cultivars of Cannabis grown for medicinal or leisure use can contain anywhere from 2% to over 20%.

Hemp fiber was used to make clothing, paper, sails and rope, and its seeds have been used as food. Because it’s a fast-growing plant and very easy to domesticate (plus it has many uses), hemp was widely grown throughout colonial America and at Spanish missions within the Southwest.

On the basis of artefacts and the history of China in its later years, archaeologists now assure us that hemp has been a familiar agricultural crop in China from the remote beginnings of settlement in that part of the world down to our own time. When the Chinese went about testing materials in their environment for suitability as tools, they most certainly would have looked into the possibility of using hemp whenever they required some kind of fiber. Hemp fiber has been discovered in archeological sights all over the world. One of the oldest archaeological relics in existence is a piece of hemp fabric from the Mesopotamia area.

In addition to archeological evidence, written documents refer to hemp as a source of clothes. Hemp was also used for health functions in historical occasions, with the first recorded such use of hemp coming from China in 2600 B.C. Centuries ago, and all through the world, hemp was utilized in folk remedies and ancient well being practices. All elements of the plant had been used – the roots, seeds, leaves and flowers. With the rising interest in CBD oil advantages and makes use of, it’s interesting (and helpful) to understand the historical past of hemp and how we’ve come full circle since historic instances.

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The next day he returned to the place and heard the sound of a mortar and pestle. Tracking down the noise, he discovered two boys grinding marijuana leaves. When he asked them what they were doing, the boys told him they have been preparing a medicine to give to their master who had been wounded by an arrow shot by Liu Chi-nu. Liu Chi-nu then requested what the boys would do to Liu Chi-nu if they ever found him.

Dama is sometimes used to describe industrial hemp, as there is a negative connotation meaning “numbness” related to the word ma by itself. The word, sativa, comes from Latin and means “sown” or “cultivated.” And, in fact, the hemp plant, Cannabis Sativa, has been cultivated by humans for thousands of years. Cultivated primarily for its strength as a fiber and for its medicinal uses, it has even been grown for meals. Fragments of hemp cloth have additionally been present in Chinese burial chambers dating from the Chou Dynasty ( B.C.).

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Fast forward to 200 BC, and China invents the very first hemp-based mostly paper. By crushing the hemp fibers, mixing them with bark and adding water, the Chinese kept their newfound paper material hidden till the 5th century. Although there is no way of knowing for positive how it came about, the Chinese tell a story about one of their emperors named Liu Chi-nu that may explain the connection between hashish, snakes, and illness.

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While some students have contended that the drug smsm t, mentioned in the Berlin and Ebers papyri, is cannabis, this opinion is conjecture. No mummy has ever been found wrapped in material made from hashish. Many different bast fibers had been called hemp and no one can be certain that the fibers at El Amarna are cannabis, especially since Deccan hemp (Hibiscus cannabinus) grows in Egypt.

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  • Hemp use archaeologically dates back to the Neolithic Age in China, with hemp fiber imprints discovered on Yangshao culture pottery courting from the fifth millennium BC.
  • Cannabis was an important crop in historical Korea, with samples of hempen cloth discovered relationship again as early as 3000 BCE.
  • We first encounter archaeological proof of hashish in hemp ropes from China over 12,000 years in the past.
  • An archeological site within the Oki Islands near Japan contained cannabis achenes from about 8000 BC, in all probability signifying use of the plant.
  • The Chinese later used hemp to make clothes, sneakers, ropes, and an early form of paper.
  • It was used for paper, clothing and even in warfare as bowstrings.

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He wrote his findings in the first editions of the Pen Ts’ao Ching. Later on, other pharmacopoeias would list the medicinal results of flowers, leaves, and seeds of the hashish plant. Hua Tuo was the primary person on record to use cannabis as an anesthetic within the second century.

Sails, pennants, riggings and oakum were all produced from hemp fiber and oil. In the United Kingdom, cultivation licences are issued by the Home Office beneath the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. When grown for nondrug purposes, hemp is known as industrial hemp, and a common product is fibre to be used in a wide variety of products, in addition to the seed for nutritional aspects and the oil. Feral hemp or ditch weed is often a naturalized fibre or oilseed strain of Cannabis that has escaped from cultivation and is self-seeding. In contrast to hashish for medical use, varieties grown for fiber and seed have less than zero.three% THC and are unsuitable for producing hashish and marijuana.

We first encounter archaeological evidence of cannabis in hemp ropes from China over 12,000 years ago. It was used for paper, clothes and even in warfare as bowstrings. Circa 2700 BC, the Great Emperor Shennong began looking to crops for cures.

American’s have been inspired to develop hemp to support both the WWI and WWII war efforts, generally known as the “Hemp for Victory” campaign. Long before the Chinese started trading on the Silk Road route, the hashish plant began to spread via nomadic tribes.

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The classical Greek historian Herodotus (ca. 480 BC) reported that the inhabitants of Scythia would typically inhale the vapors of hemp-seed smoke, each as ritual and for their own pleasurable recreation. The process to legalize hemp cultivation started in 2009, when Oregon began approving licenses for industrial hemp. Then, in 2013, after the legalization of marijuana, several farmers in Colorado planted and harvested a number of acres of hemp, bringing in the first hemp crop within the United States in over half a century.

The printing of the first e-book, Dharani, a collection of prayers from ancient China was made entirely from hemp. Guttenburg’s bible was printed on hemp, as had been many different major printings of the bible. The ships Columbus used for his 1492 expedition were fitted with hemp sails and riggings, as was the Mayflower.

An archeological website in the Oki Islands close to Japan contained cannabis achenes from about 8000 BC, most likely signifying use of the plant. Hemp use archaeologically dates back to the Neolithic Age in China, with hemp fiber imprints found on Yangshao tradition pottery dating from the 5th millennium BC.

Other companies such because the Conba Group and Huaren Pharmaceutical are vying for licensing and manufacturing in Yunnan Province. In Heilongjiang Province, Chinese firm Shineco plans on constructing a CBD industrial park.

Present in industrial hemp, cannabidiol is a major constituent among some 560 compounds found in hemp. The hashish or hemp plant originally evolved in Central Asia earlier than folks introduced it into Africa, Europe, and eventually the Americas.

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Hemp seeds and hempseed oil are used in many foods, body and beauty merchandise, and health products. There can be very little proof that the Egyptians ever cultivated the plant during the time of the Pharaohs. Papyrus paperwork from historic Egypt listing the names of hundreds of drugs and their plant sources, but there isn’t a unequivocal mention of marijuana in any of its forms.

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A relatively simple, low input cultivation technique and the sustainability of its merchandise are the main drivers for a future expansion of the hemp crop. In Europe, the large political help of bioenergy in recent years has fuelled numerous studies on the potential cultivation of hemp for bioenergy production. In China the primary drivers for a renewed curiosity in hemp are its conventional purposes.

Cannabis is woven through the fabric of the Arab world of old, and in India it had a serious influence on the emergence of Buddhism. The Buddha himself was stated to have spent years in meditation, surviving on just one hemp seed a day.

A survey in 2003 showed that more than 95% of hemp seed sold within the European Union was utilized in animal and bird feed. Hemp, or industrial hemp, is a wide range of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial makes use of of its derived products. It is one of the fastest growing vegetation and was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 50,000 years in the past. It could be refined into a variety of industrial items, together with paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, paint, insulation, biofuel, food, and animal feed. Despite the tomb stash present in China being the oldest discovered so far, this isn’t the primary time that archaeologists have found remains of the notorious plant.

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After that, the federal authorities created a Hemp Farming Pilot Program as a part of the Agricultural Act of 2014. This program allowed institutions of higher education and state agricultural departments to begin rising hemp without the consent of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). Hemp manufacturing in Kentucky, formerly the United States’ leading producer, resumed in 2014. Hemp production in North Carolina resumed in 2017, and in Washington State the identical yr. By the end of 2017, at least 34 U.S. states had industrial hemp programs.

In 2018, New York started taking strides in industrial hemp manufacturing, along with hemp research pilot packages at Cornell University, Binghamton University and SUNY Morrisville. Hemp fiber has been used extensively throughout history, with production climaxing soon after being launched to the New World. For centuries, gadgets ranging from rope, to fabrics, to industrial supplies have been created from hemp fiber.

Starting by seeding about 90 acres of field with CBD-rich cannabis seeds, Shineco plans on creating a 3,000-5,000-acre industrial park. The park will accommodate the entire hemp provide-chain, including an extraction plant, growing fields, analysis center and other buildings for future processing enlargement. It wasn’t until 2737 BCE that there is written evidence of hemp as medicine. Emperor Shen-Nung developed topical hemp oils and teas to aid in pain aid.

The Chinese later used hemp to make garments, shoes, ropes, and an early type of paper. Cannabis was an essential crop in historical Korea, with samples of hempen fabric discovered courting again as early as 3000 BCE.

A common argument used by government organizations to justify this is that it would be very straightforward for a farmer to grow marijuana alongside hemp crops since there isn’t any way to inform them apart by sight. This argument has no merit, nevertheless, since hemp being the stronger of the two vegetation, would cross-pollinate with marijuana, and engulf it, making it impossible for marijuana to be grown anyplace in the vicinity. Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is a multiuse, multifunctional crop that provides raw materials to a large number of traditional and innovative industrial functions.

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The substance has also been referred to by authors such as the famous Greek historian Herodotus, who described the Scythians inhaling the smoke from smoldering hashish seeds and flowers to get excessive. An unfortunate and distracting aspect to the renaissance of industrial hemp is the attachment to this progress by medical and recreational marijuana users. Their efforts to cloud the differences between the 2 plants in order to capitalize on the growth within the meals and fibre sector is frustrating and damaging to industrial hemp.

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One day Liu was out in the fields cutting down some hemp, when he saw a snake. Taking no chances that it might bite him, he shot the serpent with an arrow.

The drugs healed him and Liu subsequently announced his discovery to the people of China they usually began utilizing it for their injuries. Although entertaining, the story of Ts’ai Lun’s invention is apocryphal. Why Ts’ai Lun was given credit for the invention, nonetheless, continues to be a mystery.

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For the past ten years or so, many state have been passing or trying to pass legislation making it legal for farmers and scientists to develop hemp, either for research functions or for industrial. Currently, Montana, North Dakota, and West Virginia all have laws allowing for the cultivation of hemp.

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